Against the replication crisis: New international journal encourages replication studies

Posted: August 1st, 2017 | Author: | Filed under: Data Sharing, journals, Projects | Tags: , , | Comments Off on Against the replication crisis: New international journal encourages replication studies
 Replications are pivotal for the credibility of empirical economics. Only findings which are robust and replicable can be generalized and can serve as evidence based advice to economic policy. But, already in 1983 Edward Leamer stated (p. 37):

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New paper published: “Open access to research data: Strategic delay and the ambiguous welfare effects of mandatory data disclosure”

Posted: July 17th, 2017 | Author: | Filed under: Data Sharing, EDaWaX, journals | Tags: , | Comments Off on New paper published: “Open access to research data: Strategic delay and the ambiguous welfare effects of mandatory data disclosure”

Frank Mueller-Langer and Patrick Andreoli-Versbach have published a new research paper on ‘Strategic delay and the ambiguous welfare effects of mandatory data disclosure’.

In the abstract of the paper, the researchers state:

Mandatory disclosure of research data is an essential feature for credible empirical work but comes at a cost: First, authors might invest less in data generation if they are not the full residual claimants of their data after the first journal publication. Second, authors might “strategically delay” the time of submission of papers in order to fully exploit their data in subsequent research. We analyze a three-stage model of publication and data disclosure. We find that the welfare effects of universal mandatory data disclosure are ambiguous. The mere implementation of mandatory data disclosure policies may be welfare-reducing, unless accompanied by appropriate incentives which deter strategic delay.

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UK Data Service launches Syntax Upload Facility

Posted: February 15th, 2017 | Author: | Filed under: Data Sharing, found on the net | Tags: | Comments Off on UK Data Service launches Syntax Upload Facility

The UK Data Service has just released a new service called Syntax Upload Facility. The Syntax Upload Facility enables researchers to upload and share syntax they create using UK Data Service data, building a library of syntax for other users to utilise and cite. The new Syntax Upload Facility aims to enhance researcher’s work and provide an opportunity to increase the impact of research through having syntax used and cited by others. UK Data Service also suggests how to cite these syntax-files. In addition, the syntax itself has a DOI, what promotes uniform citation standards.

The syntax created using our datasets can be uploaded by clicking Contribute your syntax/code at the bottom of the respective catalogue records. Once logged in, the syntax files can be uploaded in various formats including SPSS, Stata, SAS and R.

The Syntax Upload Facility then automatically creates a citation and a file which can be downloaded by other users. The new facility is particularly useful for researchers, students and those teaching with data. An example is available here.

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New Working Paper published: ‘The Economics of Replication’

Posted: February 14th, 2017 | Author: | Filed under: Data Sharing, EDaWaX, journals | Tags: , | Comments Off on New Working Paper published: ‘The Economics of Replication’

Frank Mueller-Langer, Benedikt Fecher, Dietmar Harhoff and Gert G. Wagner have published a new working paper on the ‘economics of replication’.

In the abstract of the paper, the researchers state:

“Replication studies are considered a hallmark of good scientific practice. Yet they are treated among researchers as an ideal to be professed but not practiced. To provide incentives and favorable boundary conditions for replication practice, the main stakeholders need to be aware of what drives replication. Here we investigate how often replication studies are published in empirical economics and what types of journal articles are replicated. We find that from 1974 to 2014 less than 0.1% of publications in the top-50 economics journals were replications. We do not find empirical support that mandatory data disclosure policies or the availability of data or code have a significant effect on the incidence of replication. The mere provision of data repositories may be ineffective, unless accompanied by appropriate incentives. However, we find that higher-impact articles and articles by authors from leading institutions are more likely to be subject of published replication studies whereas the replication probability is lower for articles published in higher-ranked journals.”

The paper is available here.

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Dutch research funder grants 3 million Euros for replication studies

Posted: August 2nd, 2016 | Author: | Filed under: Data Sharing, found on the net | Tags: , | Comments Off on Dutch research funder grants 3 million Euros for replication studies

350_incentive_6912846727_48f07c8899_zThe Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), one of the biggest science-funding bodies in the Netherlands, is making 3 million euros available for a Replication Studies pilot programme. In this programme, scientists will be able to repeat research that has been carried out by others. The pilot focuses on replicating studies that have a large impact on science, government policy or the public debate – namely on the area of the social sciences and health research and healthcare innovation.

The pilot programme Replication Studies focuses on two types of research: On the one hand it focusses on replications with existing data: the datasets from the original study are reanalysed. On the other hand, it focusses on reproductions (with new data): a data collection is put together, which is subjected to the same research protocol as in the original study (read more about the different definitions of reproduction and replication). Read the rest of this entry »


European Commission invests 8.5 billion EUR in research and innovation – and data sharing becomes default

Posted: July 26th, 2016 | Author: | Filed under: Data Sharing, found on the net | Tags: , , | 1 Comment »

350-nazir-amin-investment-flickrYesterday, the European Commission (EC) announced an investment of 8.5 billion Euros into research and innovation in 2017.

This investment follows an update to the work programme of the 8th research framework program of the European Union (better known as “Horizon 2020”).

From the perspective of the research data management, this update incorporates some important changes: The current Open Research Data Pilot will be extended so that research data sharing by default will apply to all Horizon 2020 calls covered by the 2017 Work Programme. This means that grant beneficiaries must take measures to enable third parties to access, mine, exploit, reproduce and disseminate research data underlying their scientific peer reviewed publications free of charge. Horizon 2020 beneficiaries are encouraged to also share datasets beyond these publications. Projects can “opt-out” of these provisions in case of conflicts with IPR, personal data protection, national security or other concerns. Read the rest of this entry »


New Working Paper: “Perceptions and Practices of Replication by Social and Behavioral Scientists”

Posted: April 21st, 2016 | Author: | Filed under: Data Sharing, Report | Tags: , , | Comments Off on New Working Paper: “Perceptions and Practices of Replication by Social and Behavioral Scientists”

300 CoverOne of our project partners has just released a publication that deals with the replication crises in economics and the social sciences.

In the abstract the three autors state:

We live in a time of increasing publication rates and specialization of scientific disciplines. More and more, the research community is facing the challenge of assuring the quality of research and maintaining trust in the scientific enterprise. Replication studies are necessary to detect erroneous research. Thus, the replicability of research is considered a hallmark of good scientific practice and it has lately become a key concern for research communities and science policy makers alike.

In their discussion paper Fecher, Fräßdorf and Wagner analyze perceptions and practices regarding replication studies in the social and behavioral sciences. Their analyses are based on a survey of almost 300 researchers.

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Note on “research parasites” published in SCIENCE

Posted: April 5th, 2016 | Author: | Filed under: Data Sharing, EDaWaX, Opinion | Tags: | Comments Off on Note on “research parasites” published in SCIENCE

300_ Emilio Quintana_share-computer-key-260_flickr_comBenedikt Fecher and Gert G. Wagner, both also affiliated with the EDaWaX-project, have just published a note in a recent issue of sience under the title “A research symbiont”.

The background for their note is the editorial of D. Longo and J. Drazen – two editors of the New England Journal of Medicine – published in January 2016. In the editorial, Longo and Drazen critically assessed the concept of data sharing in medicine. Their main concern is that a “new class of research person will emerge” that uses data, which were gathered by other researchers, for their own original research questions. The authors, although indirectly, later referred to this class of researcher as “research parasites”.

Fecher and Wagner argue contrarily: For them, the two editors of the New England Journal of Medicine miss the core of the scientific paradigm when writing that researchers may “even use the [open] data to try to disprove what the original investigators had posited.” Instead, Fecher and Wagner argue that data users are research symbionts and benefit the research ecosystem: Using research data to try to disprove a result is good scientific practice, especially in light of the replication crisis (not only) in the social sciences.

A longer version of the Fecher’s and Wagner’s note is available open access (working paper).

Picture: “share-computer-key-260″ by Emilio Quintana on flickr.com. License: CC BY-NC-SA 2.0


Action Poll- tools for working with research data

Posted: June 16th, 2015 | Author: | Filed under: Data Sharing, Research Data | Tags: , , , | Comments Off on Action Poll- tools for working with research data

polling stationYou are a researcher and you are working with data? Great!

This short, anonymous poll- targeted at researchers- aims to characterise the range of research data management tools that are used across domains and regions. It is being conducted by Research Data Alliance (RDA) Long Tail of Research Data Interest Group.

The results will be reported at the next RDA meeting in Paris in September 2015 and also made available through the Long Tail Interest Group webpage.

The poll will be open from June 15 to July 31, 2015 and is available on https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/TVQ7RY6.

 It is only one-page long and will take less that 5 minutes to complete.

For more information, please contact: Kathleen Shearer, Executive Director, COAR Read the rest of this entry »


Save the date: Workshop “Open data, restricted data and the role of libraries”

Posted: March 16th, 2015 | Author: | Filed under: Conference, Data Sharing, Research Data | Tags: , , , | Comments Off on Save the date: Workshop “Open data, restricted data and the role of libraries”

nereus_logoNEREUS – a network of European libraries in Economics and Social Sciences –  is happy to announce a pre-conference workshop (2015-6-23 in London) at this year’s LIBER-Conference.

Open Science and open data have become hot topics in recent years. Effective research data management is more and more postulated by research funders. Research infrastructure providers worldwide are busy building up various services and tools for researchers to support them within their research and the management of research data. But how successful are these approaches and their impact in supporting research? How open could or should data be and which role(s) libraries can play to support researchers effectively? Read the rest of this entry »


Paper on the Incentives for Academic Data Sharing published: „What Drives Academic Sharing?“

Posted: March 1st, 2015 | Author: | Filed under: Data Sharing | Tags: , | Comments Off on Paper on the Incentives for Academic Data Sharing published: „What Drives Academic Sharing?“

4382377118_44bdba7229_mBenedikt Fecher, Sascha Friesike, and Marcel Hebing have published another paper presenting further results of their study concerning academic data sharing. Since data sharing enables researchers to verify results and to pursuit new research questions with “old” data, it is of particular importance for scientific progress.

Fecher, Friesike, and Hebing conducted a systematic review of 98 scholarly papers as well as an empirical survey among 603 secondary data users. In order to explain the data sharing process from the primary researcher’s point of view, the authors introduce a conceptual framework based on the analyses. They divide the data sharing process into six descriptive categories: data donor, research organization, research community, norms, data infrastructure, and data recipients. Read the rest of this entry »


New Working Paper on Data Sharing Practises published: “A Reputation Economy”

Posted: February 25th, 2015 | Author: | Filed under: Data Sharing, Report | Tags: , | 1 Comment »

hare_c_flickrAcademic data sharing is a way for researchers to collaborate and thereby meet the needs of an increasingly complex research landscape. It enables researchers to verify results and to pursuit new research questions with “old” data.

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It is therefore not surprising that data sharing is advocated by funding agencies, journals and researchers alike. Read the rest of this entry »


Open Access to Research Data: Strategic Delay and the Ambiguous Welfare Effects of Mandatory Data Disclosure

Posted: February 23rd, 2015 | Author: | Filed under: Data Policy, Data Sharing, EDaWaX | Tags: , , | Comments Off on Open Access to Research Data: Strategic Delay and the Ambiguous Welfare Effects of Mandatory Data Disclosure

8516269783_79248f4ba2_mPatrick Andreoli-Versbach and Frank Mueller-Langer (two economists from the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in Munich) have published a paper on strategic delay and the ambiguous welfare effects of mandatory data disclosure (2014).

By setting up a model describing the incentives of a researcher to share self-generated data with the research community in the context of a published article, they found that these incentives can be distorted by a policy they call “First Paper Policy” (requires authors to share their data immediately after the first publication): Read the rest of this entry »


Report of the 1st national RDA Germany Meeting is online

Posted: November 28th, 2014 | Author: | Filed under: Conference, Data Sharing | Tags: , | Comments Off on Report of the 1st national RDA Germany Meeting is online

RDA_DEOn November 20/21 the first national RDA Meeting Germany was held in Potsdam. More than 100 participants followed the presentations and discussions. One aim of the meeting was to inform interested people and institutions about RDA’s activities.

On the first day of the conference there were many presentations to inform about the results RDA has yet archived as well as the governance structure that has been defined for RDA. In addition, some perspectives for the future work of the RDA-IGs and WGs have been discussed. Read the rest of this entry »


New KE-Publication: “Sowing the seed” #Update

Posted: November 13th, 2014 | Author: | Filed under: Data Sharing, Report | Tags: , | Comments Off on New KE-Publication: “Sowing the seed” #Update

250_KE_sowing the seedsA few days ago,  Knowledge Exchange (KE) – a cooperation of five national funding organisations (DFG, Surf, DEFF, CSC and JISC) – has just released a new publication, titled “Sowing the seed: Incentives and motivations for sharing research data, a researchers’ perspective.”

This qualitative study has gathered evidence, examples and opinions on current and future incentives for research data sharing from the researchers’ point of view, in order to provide recommendations for policy and practice development on how best to incentivize data access and re-use.

Incentives and motivations ask for development of a data infrastructure with rich context where research data, papers and other outputs or resources are jointly available within a single data resource. Different types of data sharing and research disciplines need to be acknowledged. Read the rest of this entry »