Managing research data using the ZBW Journal Data Archive

Posted: April 19th, 2017 | Author: | Filed under: EDaWaX, journals | Tags: , , , | No Comments »

Yesterday, a new blog post has been published on ZBW Mediatalk in which I describe the history and the background of the EDaWaX-project that led to the development of the ZBW Journal Data Archive. The Journal Data Archive (JDA) is a service for editorial offices of journals in economics and partially also in the social sciences. Currently this service is free of charge and already two renowned journals are using our services productively.

The  JDA offers direct linking between published research papers and the underlying data, that has been used to generate the findings of an article. The workflow is time-saving and easy to handle: Authors of a journal’s article submit their replication files to the system and describe these files with additional metadata. For us it was quite important to find a useful balance between the efforts a user has to invest to generate these additional metadata and the needs of our information systems. For the development of our metadata schema, we followed the motto ‘as much as necessary, as little as possible.’ Read the rest of this entry »


New Working Paper published: ‘The Economics of Replication’

Posted: February 14th, 2017 | Author: | Filed under: Data Sharing, EDaWaX, journals | Tags: , | Comments Off on New Working Paper published: ‘The Economics of Replication’

Frank Mueller-Langer, Benedikt Fecher, Dietmar Harhoff and Gert G. Wagner have published a new working paper on the ‘economics of replication’.

In the abstract of the paper, the researchers state:

“Replication studies are considered a hallmark of good scientific practice. Yet they are treated among researchers as an ideal to be professed but not practiced. To provide incentives and favorable boundary conditions for replication practice, the main stakeholders need to be aware of what drives replication. Here we investigate how often replication studies are published in empirical economics and what types of journal articles are replicated. We find that from 1974 to 2014 less than 0.1% of publications in the top-50 economics journals were replications. We do not find empirical support that mandatory data disclosure policies or the availability of data or code have a significant effect on the incidence of replication. The mere provision of data repositories may be ineffective, unless accompanied by appropriate incentives. However, we find that higher-impact articles and articles by authors from leading institutions are more likely to be subject of published replication studies whereas the replication probability is lower for articles published in higher-ranked journals.”

The paper is available here.

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New Guest Blog for TRN

Posted: November 4th, 2016 | Author: | Filed under: EDaWaX | Tags: , , | Comments Off on New Guest Blog for TRN

In a Guest Blog for the Replication Network, I wrote a little bit about the history of the EDaWaX project and listed some of the project’s outputs. In addition -and possibly even more important- I also outlined the current and future developments: In particular I dwelled on the question what remains after the project completed its second funding term in autumn.

One answer is the ZBW Journal Data Archive. The technological core of the project has become part of ZBW’s infrastructure. Currently, we are still in the process of enhancing technical functionalities and layout of the application. In the next weeks I will report on detail on the application. Read the rest of this entry »


EDaWaX: Final spurt

Posted: May 3rd, 2016 | Author: | Filed under: Conference, EDaWaX | Tags: , | Comments Off on EDaWaX: Final spurt

400_presentationSlowly but steady, the EDaWaX project draws to a close. For me a good point in time to outline some of the final steps of our project.

First of all, we are very much engaged in transforming EDaWaX from a project to a regular service for scholarly journals in economic sciences. Therefore we still have a lot of work to do: There are still some issues to solve on the level of software engineering. Currently we are also in the process of improving some of the application’s features and to update the documentation. Nevertheless the software for journals in economics and business research already is available. Starting in the next months we will offer our service (a publication-related data archive) free of charge for editorial offices.

Second, we will present some rescent results of the project at national and international conferences, in roadshows and on annual meetings of learned societies in economics and business studies.

This program starts in two weeks in Munich, where we will disucss the topic of managing research data with the editors of journals in business research and present our software solution at the annual meeting of the German Association for Business Research (VHB), the German learned society for business studies. Read the rest of this entry »


Note on “research parasites” published in SCIENCE

Posted: April 5th, 2016 | Author: | Filed under: Data Sharing, EDaWaX, Opinion | Tags: | Comments Off on Note on “research parasites” published in SCIENCE

300_ Emilio Quintana_share-computer-key-260_flickr_comBenedikt Fecher and Gert G. Wagner, both also affiliated with the EDaWaX-project, have just published a note in a recent issue of sience under the title “A research symbiont”.

The background for their note is the editorial of D. Longo and J. Drazen – two editors of the New England Journal of Medicine – published in January 2016. In the editorial, Longo and Drazen critically assessed the concept of data sharing in medicine. Their main concern is that a “new class of research person will emerge” that uses data, which were gathered by other researchers, for their own original research questions. The authors, although indirectly, later referred to this class of researcher as “research parasites”.

Fecher and Wagner argue contrarily: For them, the two editors of the New England Journal of Medicine miss the core of the scientific paradigm when writing that researchers may “even use the [open] data to try to disprove what the original investigators had posited.” Instead, Fecher and Wagner argue that data users are research symbionts and benefit the research ecosystem: Using research data to try to disprove a result is good scientific practice, especially in light of the replication crisis (not only) in the social sciences.

A longer version of the Fecher’s and Wagner’s note is available open access (working paper).

Picture: “share-computer-key-260″ by Emilio Quintana on flickr.com. License: CC BY-NC-SA 2.0


Documentation of EDaWaX’s CKAN-Application: First draft available

Posted: February 8th, 2016 | Author: | Filed under: EDaWaX | Tags: , , , , | Comments Off on Documentation of EDaWaX’s CKAN-Application: First draft available

auswahlOne of the primary objectives of the EDaWaX-project is the development of a software application which intends to facilitate the management of research data for journals in the social sciences (and especially for those in economics and business studies).

The software application is approaching its public release at the end of the current funding term in late April. But we are already very far with the software’s developement. For those of you who can’t await the public release, we have just published a very first draft version (Version 0.1) of the application’s documentation. Even though there are still some parts of the functionalities that are not yet covered by the documentation, interested readers and researchers can get a picture of the application’s functionalities and features.

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Merry Christmas – and a happy new year!

Posted: December 23rd, 2015 | Author: | Filed under: EDaWaX | Comments Off on Merry Christmas – and a happy new year!

400_girl-1079552_640_CC0The year draws to a close – therefore the EDaWaX-project team wants to thank our partners, funders and readers for a successful year!

Again, 2015 has been a year full of thrilling events and developments within our project. This year’s focal point primarily was on the advancement of our CKAN-based application. In the first quarter of 2016 we will present more information on the future of the EDaWaX-application and in which direction the project will move after the end of the funding period in May 2016.

Since the start of the second funding period, we implemented a lot of new functionalities. For instance, it is possible to register DataCite-DOIs (digital object identifiers) for submitted research data directly from the application’s frontend. We also slightly improved CKAN’s user and right management to make it more suitable for an utilisation in the context of journal’s data archives. One result is that authors and editorial offices now receive e-mail notifications on recent activities within the data archive.

But we also changed some things based on feedback from the community: For example, we completely overhauled the metadata fields and the web frontend for uploading data. Now it is much catchier for researchers to submit their data to our application.

 

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EDaWaX: New research paper published

Posted: September 7th, 2015 | Author: | Filed under: Conference, EDaWaX | Tags: | Comments Off on EDaWaX: New research paper published

EDaWaX Article in LIBER QuarterlyWe are happpy to announce that our new peer-reviewed research paper “Data Policies and Data Archives: A New Paradigm for Academic Publishing in Economic Sciences?” has just been published in the Conference Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Electronic Publishing (ELPUB15). The paper summarises some results of a broader analyses on data policies of journals in economics and business studies.

In our paper we summarise the findings of an empirical study in which a sample of 346 journals in economics and business studies were examined. We regard both the extent and the quality of journals’ data policies, which should facilitate replications of published empirical research. The paper presents some characteristics of journals equipped with data policies and gives some recommendations for suitable data policies in economics and business sciences journals. In addition, we also evaluate the journals’ data archives to roughly estimate whether these journals really enforce data availability. Our key finding is that we are currently not able to determine a new publishing paradigm for journals in economic sciences.

I would like to thank the reviewers and the organisers of the conference for their useful comments! The full paper is available here.

 

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Busy months before summer holidays

Posted: August 5th, 2015 | Author: | Filed under: EDaWaX | Tags: , , , | Comments Off on Busy months before summer holidays

It is vaca1659410871_dcf6e35473_ztion season and like many others, also some of the people working for the EDaWaX-project enjoy their well-earned summer holidays. Before I also leave the office, I would like to jump on the chance to report on the progress of our project for the last 6 months or so.

It has been a quite busy time for most of us and we achieved progress in many of our work packages. The main focus has been on advancing the technical work packages, but we were also able to finalise two work packages of the project’s analyses phase.

Let me go into detail: Read the rest of this entry »


Open Access to Research Data: Strategic Delay and the Ambiguous Welfare Effects of Mandatory Data Disclosure

Posted: February 23rd, 2015 | Author: | Filed under: Data Policy, Data Sharing, EDaWaX | Tags: , , | Comments Off on Open Access to Research Data: Strategic Delay and the Ambiguous Welfare Effects of Mandatory Data Disclosure

8516269783_79248f4ba2_mPatrick Andreoli-Versbach and Frank Mueller-Langer (two economists from the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in Munich) have published a paper on strategic delay and the ambiguous welfare effects of mandatory data disclosure (2014).

By setting up a model describing the incentives of a researcher to share self-generated data with the research community in the context of a published article, they found that these incentives can be distorted by a policy they call “First Paper Policy” (requires authors to share their data immediately after the first publication): Read the rest of this entry »


EDaWaX-Study on Data Policies of Journals in Economics and Business Studies (Part I)

Posted: January 14th, 2015 | Author: | Filed under: Data Policy, EDaWaX, journals | Tags: , | 1 Comment »

300_Journals_DFG1One work package (WP2) of EDaWaX’s second funding phase deals with a broader analysis and comparison of journals’ data policies in economics and business studies. In the project’s first funding phase we already have conducted a similar survey, but it primarily focused on journals in economics.

Because research data and methodology in business studies are not necessarily identical to those employed in economics, we found it to be important to compare journals’ data policies of both branches of economic research. Read the rest of this entry »


Open Access to Data: An Ideal Professed but not Practised

Posted: November 7th, 2014 | Author: | Filed under: Data Sharing, EDaWaX | Tags: , | Comments Off on Open Access to Data: An Ideal Professed but not Practised

300_ Emilio Quintana_share-computer-key-260_flickr_comThe two economists Patrick Andreoli-Versbach and Frank Mueller-Langer (both from the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in Munich) have published a new paper in Research Policy in which they analyse the data-sharing behaviour of 488 randomly selected empirical researchers.*

Andreoli-Versbach and Mueller-Langer (2014) provide evidence that most researchers in economics and management do not share their data voluntarily. The authors Read the rest of this entry »


Guidebook “Discover-Cite-Document: Research Data in the Social Sciences and Economics” published

Posted: September 18th, 2014 | Author: | Filed under: EDaWaX, German, Research Data | Tags: , , , , | Comments Off on Guidebook “Discover-Cite-Document: Research Data in the Social Sciences and Economics” published

250_cover_FoDaBroschAfter almost eight months of intense collaborative work, we are happy to announce the release of a guidebook on research data in the social sciences and economics. The idea of writing the guidebook was born in the course of a panel session on last year’s annual meeting of the “Verein für Socialpolitik” (VfS), the largest German-speaking economists association, where Jutta Günther (Halle Institute for Economic Research), Klaus Tochtermann (ZBW), Gert G. Wagner (German Data Forum and DIW Berlin) and Stefan Winkler-Nees (German Research Foundation) discussed both the potential and the need of data sharing in applied economics.

The panellists assessed that there currently is a lack of information on data documentation and citation in academic education.

Consequently, together with our partners from DIW Berlin, GESIS and the German Data Forum, we started to gather information on these topics. One year after the initial panel discussion, the hot off the press booklet was presented at this year’s annual meeting of the Verein für Socialpolitik two weeks ago.

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EDaWaX receives two more years of funding!

Posted: June 25th, 2014 | Author: | Filed under: EDaWaX, Projects | Tags: , , | 1 Comment »

300_jes_mugley_flick_com_lemur success kidWe are very happy to announce that our research funding organisation, the German Research Foundation (DFG), has granted another two years of funding for our project.

In their final report, based on the good results of the project’s first funding phase, the reviewers concluded that EDaWaX’s planning for expanding the pilot application and for undertaking a detailed analysis of journals in business studies should be supported with “high”, respectively “highest priority.” Read the rest of this entry »


LIBER Quarterly publishes special issue on “Research data and new forms of scholarly communication”

Posted: April 15th, 2014 | Author: | Filed under: EDaWaX | Tags: , , | Comments Off on LIBER Quarterly publishes special issue on “Research data and new forms of scholarly communication”

300_LQ_pub2LIBER Quarterly, a peer-reviewed journal managed by LIBER (the Association of European Research Libraries), has just published a special issue on research data and new forms of scholarly communication.

In the editorial, the guest editors of this special issue, Donatella Castelli and Wolfram Horstmann, emphasised  that

[…] researchers have realized that the current scholarly communication model, based exclusively on articles, is inherently limited and inefficient, even when all articles are in digital form and accessible through the Web. Communication is effective if and only if the recipient of the information, who is often not known beforehand, can comprehend, scrutinize, challenge and reproduce the findings presented.

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